Xoloitzcuintli Dog

Xoloitzcuintli (Mexican Hairless Dog)

Xoloitzcuintli Characteristics: The spirited and faithful Xoloitzcuintli is a breed of Toy, miniature, standard dog classified as a member of the Non-Sporting Dog Group (AKC:1911) and is often referred to as the Mexican Hairless Dog or simply the Xolo. The Xoloitzcuintli, is characterized by its majestic, graceful, alert appearance, either, coated or hairless, with a clean, sleek outline and bright, intelligent expression. Other characteristics include yellow to dark brown, medium sized, almond shaped eyes; long, large, erect 'bat' ears; a long, fine tail and a fast, fluid, springy gait.

The temperament of the Xoloitzcuintli can be described as Alert, athletic, loyal. The coat type of the Xoloitzcuintli is described as varied coat (hairless or coated) in hairless, skin color.  Due to its characteristics and qualities, the Xoloitzcuintli demonstrated the desired traits of a Watch dog and is known by its nick name the "Xolo (Mexican Hairless Dog)". The origin of the Xoloitzcuintli dog breed was in Mexico where it was developed in the Ancient Times.

Fast Facts about the Xoloitzcuintli: The following facts provide fast information about the Xoloitzcuintli breed. Size: Toy, miniature, standard *** Breed Group: Non-Sporting Dog Group (AKC:1911) *** Nick name: "Xolo (Mexican Hairless Dog)" *** Origin: Mexico *** Male Height: Toy: 9 - 14 inches (23 - 36 cm) *** Female Height: Slightly Less *** Male Weight: Toy: 5 - 15 pounds (2.3 - 6.8 kg) *** Female Weight: Slightly Less *** Coat Type: varied coat (hairless or coated) *** Coat Colors: hairless, skin color *** Litter Size: 3 to 7 puppies *** Health Problems: Skin problems *** Lifespan: 12 - 15 years *** Hypoallergenic: Yes

Xoloitzcuintli Breed Group and Dog Type - Non-Sporting Dog Group (AKC:1911): The Xoloitzcuintli is one of the many breeds of dogs that belong to the Non-Sporting Dog Group (AKC:1911).

Other names for the Xoloitzcuintli: The Xoloitzcuintli is known by the nickname of the "Xolo (Mexican Hairless Dog)". Other names for this breed of dog include the Xolo,  Tepeizeuintli and Xoloitzcuintle.

Origin of the name Xoloitzcuintli: The origin of the name "Xoloitzcuintli" derives from two Aztec words, "Xolotl" and "itzcuintli". The Aztec word, "Xolotl" is the name of the Aztec god of fire, lightening and death. The word "itzcuintli" means dog in Aztec.

Xoloitzcuintli History and Origin: The country of origin of the Xoloitzcuintli breed was in Mexico and found in Mesoamerica dating back to antiquity. The Xoloitzcuintli hairless dog was considered a sacred dogs by the ancient Aztecs, Colima, Toltecs and Mayans. Dogs occupied a powerful, sacred place in Mesoamerican legends and myths. Its name derives from the Aztec god Xolotl who guarded the Sun as it traveled through the underworld every night. Xolotl was depicted as a dog headed man and was believed to lead the soul on its journey to the underworld. The Xoloitzcuintli were often sacrificed and then buried with their owners to act as guide to the afterlife.

Clay figures and remains of these dogs, dating from 300 to 900AD, have been found in many Mesoamerican burial sites. The Xoloitzcuintli were consumed at sacrificial ceremonies, especially funerals and ancestor worship and also for important rituals performed at marriages and the New Year. The Xoloitzcuintli were not only highly prized for their mystical powers but also for their healing powers. The Xoloitzcuintli was believed to relieve toothaches, asthma, insomnia, stomach and rheumatic pains. The warmth of the Xoloitzcuintli on cold winter nights led to the phrase "Three Dog Night".

Xoloitzcuintli Modern History: The modern history of the Xoloitzcuintli moved on and the breed is now used as therapy dogs and family pets. The Xoloitzcuintli was officially recognized and registered by the United Kennel Club in 1993 and the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 2011.

Xoloitzcuintli Height: The Xoloitzcuintli breed is classified as a Toy, miniature, standard sized dog. The height to the shoulder of a male dog is Toy: 9 - 14 inches (23 - 36 cm). The height to the shoulder of a female dog is slightly less.

Xoloitzcuintli Weight: Not surprisingly for a Toy, miniature, standard sized dog, the weight of a male dog is Toy: 5 - 15 pounds (2.3 - 6.8 kg). The weight of the smaller female dog is slightly less than the male.

Xoloitzcuintli Coat Type - LOW shedding coat: The coat type is described as varied coat (hairless or coated).

Xoloitzcuintli Coat Colors: The colors of the dog breed is hairless, skin color. Not every Xoloitzcuintli is hairless, there is also a variety with a short, smooth coat that can be black, slate gray, red, liver, or bronze colors.

Xoloitzcuintli Grooming - LOW Grooming Needs: The grooming needs of the Xoloitzcuintli is categorized as Low in order to maintain a healthy coat and reduce the risk of skin infections. The limited grooming needs of the Xoloitzcuintli are considered to be low maintenance, requiring limited attention to grooming where brushing and combing, is concerned. Grooming Requirements should include bathing the Xoloitzcuintli dog on a monthly basis and making regular inspections of the nails, teeth, eyes and ears.

Xoloitzcuintli Litter Size: The litter size of the Xoloitzcuintli dog breed ranges from 3 to 7 puppies. Xoloitzcuintli puppies for sale can be obtained reputable breeders and from rescue centers. The cost of Xoloitzcuintli puppies varies depending on location, pedigree history and the dog breeder. The Xoloitzcuintli is found in toy, miniature, and standard sizes and all three sizes can be born to a single litter.

Xoloitzcuintli Temperament and personality: The temperament and personality of this popular dog breed is described as Spirited, Alert, athletic, loyal and Faithful.

Xoloitzcuintli Exercise Requirements - LOW / MODERATE Exercise Requirements: The exercise requirements of this breed of dog is low. The Xoloitzcuintli requires regular daily exercise consisting of about one hour every day. This medium sized dog has a fast, fluid, springy gait with strides of a moderate length requiring a steady walking or jogging speed by the owner to meet the dogs exercise requirements. If the dog has more energy than you do, then teach your dog to play ball in a chase and catch game.

Xoloitzcuintli Diet: A fully grown Xoloitzcuintli should be fed twice a day. A diet consisting of a premium dog food can be balanced with fresh food eaten by the family. The question is What Can Dogs Eat?. Check out our comprehensive list of what dogs can and what dogs cannot eat.

Xoloitzcuintli Health Problems: Potential health problems of the Xoloitzcuintli breed include various Skin problems. It is not unusual for hairless dogs to be missing some of their teeth, usually the premolars. The traits of hairlessness and missing teeth are genetically linked. Resolving health problems can prove to be expensive and it is always wise to obtain pet insurance or dog health insurance when buying a dog. Is the Xoloitzcuintli dog breed said to be Hypoallergenic? Answer: Yes (Refer to Hypoallergenic Dogs).

Xoloitzcuintli Lifespan: The life expectancy of dogs vary according to the size, breed of dog and any serious health problems. The typical lifespan of the Xoloitzcuintli breed is 12 - 15 years.

Xoloitzcuintli Male Dog Names: Xoloitzcuintli Male Dog names are most often chosen to reflect favorite names of the owner or the strength, size, coloring and country of origin of the Xoloitzcuintli breed. To give you some inspiration regarding good male Xoloitzcuintli names our small selection might be of help with naming boy dogs. Our top male dog names for the Mexican Hairless dog are: Jose *** Ramiro *** Arturo *** Rafael *** Enrique *** Armando *** Edgar *** Ricardo *** Raul *** Gerardo.

Xoloitzcuintli Female Dog Names: Female Dog names tend to be softer, prettier and reflect the temperament of the Xoloitzcuintli girl dog. Our top choice of good female Xoloitzcuintli names are Bianca *** Marisol *** Itzel *** Beatriz *** Jazmin *** Grecia *** Nelly *** Paulina *** Erika.

Fast Facts about the Xoloitzcuintli: The following facts provide fast information about the Xoloitzcuintli breed. Scientific name: Canis lupus familiaris *** Dog Breed Group: Non-Sporting Dog Group (AKC:1911) *** Xoloitzcuintli Sizes: Toy, miniature, standard *** Country of Origin: Mexico *** History / Date: Ancient Times *** Male Xoloitzcuintli Height: Toy: 9 - 14 inches (23 - 36 cm) *** Male Xoloitzcuintli Weight: Toy: 5 - 15 pounds (2.3 - 6.8 kg) *** Coat Type: varied coat (hairless or coated) *** Litter Size: 3 to 7 puppies *** Xoloitzcuintli Health Problems: Skin problems *** Xoloitzcuintli Lifespan: 12 - 15 years ***

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